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  • Research activities
    Appraisals in France OSART Mission conducted in France WENRA Reports Section map Section map International International reference texts Euratom Treaty IAEA safety standards International conventions Bilateral relations ASN s counterparts Personnel exchanges between ASN and its foreign counterparts Multilateral relations in Europe The European Union Clubs of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection Authorities Other organisations Multilateral assistance plans Multilateral relations outside Europe International Atomic Energy Agency Nuclear Energy Agency of the OECD Other UN organisations Other associations of nuclear safety and radiation protection authorities International Commission on Radiological Protection Section map Home ASN About ASN Activities monitored by ASN Research activities Print Mettre en favoris Share on ASN About ASN Activities monitored by ASN Electricity Production Other industry activities Research activities Medical uses Transport of radioactive materials Waste decommissioned facilities The ASN doctrine The ASN strategy The ASN commission The ASN organisation Technical support Professional events Contact us Research activities Scientific and technological research is performed in nuclear facilities in very varied fields and disciplines including basic and applied research in physics metallurgy electronics biology climatology simulation chemistry and the environment Practical nuclear research is concerned with optimising the operation and safety of French nuclear plants radioactive waste and the development of future nuclear systems Research facilities are numerous and diverse France has a fleet of experimental reactors and research laboratories that is unique in the world that are operated by the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission CEA The fleet is supplemented by facilities that support research storage for materials and waste waste treatment facilities etc Among other topics research conducted by the CEA concerns the service life of operating plants future reactors nuclear fuel performance and nuclear waste The facilities which constitute an important tool for improving scientific knowledge and the safety of current and future reactors

    Original URL path: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/ASN/About-ASN/Activities-monitored-by-ASN/Research-activities (2016-01-29)
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  • Medical uses
    Protection Authorities Other organisations Multilateral assistance plans Multilateral relations outside Europe International Atomic Energy Agency Nuclear Energy Agency of the OECD Other UN organisations Other associations of nuclear safety and radiation protection authorities International Commission on Radiological Protection Section map Home ASN About ASN Activities monitored by ASN Medical uses Print Mettre en favoris Share on ASN About ASN Activities monitored by ASN Electricity Production Other industry activities Research activities Medical uses Transport of radioactive materials Waste decommissioned facilities The ASN doctrine The ASN strategy The ASN commission The ASN organisation Technical support Professional events Contact us Medical uses For more than a century medicine has used both for diagnosis and therapy varied sources of ionising radiation produced either by electric generators or radionuclides The field is large and diversified as France has approximately 50 000 facilities for medical and dental diagnostic radiology around 300 nuclear medicine departments and nearly 400 radiotherapy devices Overall these facilities perform nearly 70 million radiological procedures each year Major medical techniques that rely on ionising radiation are radiology radiotherapy and nuclear medicine Radiology and radiological diagnosis in particular includes all techniques for morphological exploration of the human body using X rays produced by electric generators Holding a dominant position in the field of medical imaging it covers diverse fields medical radiology dental radiology etc and a wide variety of examinations chest and abdominal radiography etc Radiotherapy is along with surgery and chemotherapy one of the major techniques used in the treatment of malignant tumours In France some 200 000 patients receive treatment each year Radiotherapy uses ionising radiation to destroy malignant cells Ionising radiation necessary for treatment is produced either by an electric generator or emitted by sealed radionuclides Nuclear medicine includes all uses of radionuclides in unsealed sources for diagnosis or therapy Diagnostic

    Original URL path: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/ASN/About-ASN/Activities-monitored-by-ASN/Medical-uses (2016-01-29)
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  • Transport of radioactive materials
    organisations Multilateral assistance plans Multilateral relations outside Europe International Atomic Energy Agency Nuclear Energy Agency of the OECD Other UN organisations Other associations of nuclear safety and radiation protection authorities International Commission on Radiological Protection Section map Home ASN About ASN Activities monitored by ASN Transport of radioactive materials Print Mettre en favoris Share on ASN About ASN Activities monitored by ASN Electricity Production Other industry activities Research activities Medical uses Transport of radioactive materials Waste decommissioned facilities The ASN doctrine The ASN strategy The ASN commission The ASN organisation Technical support Professional events Contact us Transport of radioactive materials Each year approximately 900 000 packages of radioactive materials are transported in France representing a small percentage of shipments of hazardous materials The largest share two thirds consists of radioisotopes for medical pharmaceutical or industrial use this is the case for radioactive sources used for technical inspection in construction inspection for lead paint and industry use of gamma radiography for weld inspection onsite density inspection etc The packages vary widely Their radioactivity which can differ by more than twelve orders of magnitude or from several thousand becquerels pharmaceutical packages to trillions of becquerels irradiated fuel and their weight from several kilograms to a hundred tonnes Varied sectors and origins The sectors in which packages are used are also very diverse It involves the nuclear sector as well as medicine traditional industry and research The latter together account for 85 of packages of radioactive materials The nuclear power cycle industry requires transportation of various radioactive materials Annually the largest share involves nearly 300 shipments of new fuel 250 for irradiated fuel thirty for MOX fuels and sixty for plutonium oxide powder The transportation may also be international as some of this material may transit through France packages of irradiated fuel from

    Original URL path: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/ASN/About-ASN/Activities-monitored-by-ASN/Transport-of-radioactive-materials (2016-01-29)
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  • Waste / decommissioned facilities
    Electricity Production Other industry activities Research activities Medical uses Transport of radioactive materials Waste decommissioned facilities The ASN doctrine The ASN strategy The ASN commission The ASN organisation Technical support Professional events Contact us Waste decommissioned facilities Radioactive waste management General diagram of the nuclear fuel cycle stage Enlarge the visual Specific dispositions has to be implemented to manage safely radioactive waste In France according to the latest national inventory of materials and waste published by Andra in June 2012 this waste originates mostly from nuclear industry around 60 However it also results from the research in nuclear installations and use of radioactive items in hospitals universities certain non nuclear industries and defence related activities Each type of waste requires specially adapted processing and a long term management solution to control the risks posed especially the radiological risk In France each waste category has a management solution which includes a series of operations such as sorting processing packaging storage and disposal The 2006 Planning act for sustainable management of radioactive materials and waste requires elaboration every three years of a national plan for management of radioactive materials and waste This national Plan drafted by ASN and the General directorate for energy and climate DGEC is submitted to the parliament and published It draws up a periodic assessment of radioactive substances management In addition it sets milestones and defines studies to be carried out in order to improve existing management routes and define new ones This plan requires that management routes shall be defined for every type of waste whatever are its activity its lifetime its origin Around 90 of the volume of radioactive waste produced already has a long term management solution mainly very low level waste and low and intermediate level short lived waste Other waste is packaged and stored in secure facilities while a long term management solution is sought in terms of radioactivity more than 90 of radioactive waste is located at the La Hague site in northwest France and to a lesser extent at the Marcoule site in the south of the country ASN s role ASN prepares and reviews regulation pertaining to the management of radioactive waste takes part of licensing process and monitors the safety of basic nuclear installations that produces waste or are involved in waste management treatment packaging storage and disposal Il also performs inspections in sites where waste are produced or managed EDF AREVA Andra and CEA basic nuclear installations but also in hospitals research centres etc In addition ASN monitors the overall system set up by Andra for accepting waste from producers assesses strategies defined by operators to manage safely their waste and the dedicated assets they define in order to cover the future cost of decommissioning of their facilities and of management of their spent fuel and radioactive waste Dismantling nuclear facilities The civilian nuclear industry in France first started to grow in the 1960 s Several facilities built during that period are at the end of their service

    Original URL path: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/ASN/About-ASN/Activities-monitored-by-ASN/Waste-decommissioned-facilities (2016-01-29)
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  • The general policies of ASN
    Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection Authorities Other organisations Multilateral assistance plans Multilateral relations outside Europe International Atomic Energy Agency Nuclear Energy Agency of the OECD Other UN organisations Other associations of nuclear safety and radiation protection authorities International Commission on Radiological Protection Section map Home ASN About ASN The ASN doctrine The general policies of ASN Print Mettre en favoris Share on ASN About ASN Activities monitored by ASN The ASN doctrine The general policies of ASN The ASN position statements The ASN strategy The ASN commission The ASN organisation Technical support Professional events Contact us The general policies of ASN The general policy statements set out the major aims of ASN in its areas of action regulation persuasion and sanctions oversight transparency international relations management of radiological emergencies decommissioning and delicensing of basic nuclear installations in France They are intended to disseminate and explain the ASN doctrine Regulation The ASN policy on regulation is intended to ensure a high level of protection of workers patients the public and the environment by taking into account in particular the rules and the best foreign and international practices and by participating in the development and implementation of these practices encourage the development of a safety culture fully understood and shared by the various stakeholders in nuclear safety and radiation protection ensure that the requirements are commensurate with the challenges of nuclear safety and radiation protection define the rights and duties of stakeholders in the area including by applying the principle of responsibility of the licensee Read the statement Persuasion and sanctions The principles of the ASN sanction policy are based on impartial documented measures appropriate for the level of risk arising from the observed situation Their importance is commensurate with the health and environmental issues associated with any observed deviation and also takes into account endogenous factors relating to the behaviour of the offender and exogenous factors relating to the context of the deviation Read the statement Oversight The oversight of nuclear activities is a fundamental responsibility of ASN It is inseparable from the ASN requirements which it renders credible through verification of compliance Its objective is to verify that all licensees fully assume their responsibilities and comply with the requirements of the regulations on radiation protection and nuclear safety in order to protect workers patients the public and the environment from the risks relating to nuclear activities in an integrated approach It contributes to the determination of the ASN opinion on licensee performance or the issues associated with a nuclear operator or activity Transparency The general policy statement on transparency will be posted on line soon on the ASN website International relations The general policy statement on international relations will be posted on line soon on the ASN website Management of radiological emergencies Article 4 paragraph 4 of the Act of 13 June 2006 on Transparency and Security in the Nuclear Field TSN Act stipulates that ASN is involved in the management of radiological emergencies resulting from events likely to harm

    Original URL path: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/ASN/About-ASN/The-ASN-doctrine/The-general-policies-of-ASN (2016-01-29)
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  • The ASN position statements
    Protection Section map Home ASN About ASN The ASN doctrine The ASN position statements Print Mettre en favoris Share on ASN About ASN Activities monitored by ASN The ASN doctrine The general policies of ASN The ASN position statements Position of the ASN Commission The safety of new nuclear reactor Position statement by the college in relation to the production of Extension of the operating lifetime of 900 MWe nuclear reactors up to 40 years The ASN adopts a position on small beam radiotherapy treatments radiosurgery EPR Pressurised Water Reactor New nuclear reactors built around the world The ASN strategy The ASN commission The ASN organisation Technical support Professional events Contact us The ASN position statements As part of its responsibilities ASN may adopt positions on specific topics as was the case in 2009 and 2010 on the design of the EPR instrumentation and control system the safety of radiotherapy treatments using narrow beams and the continued operation of the 900 MWe reactors ASN also adopts positions on topics of international scope such as the safety of new nuclear reactor construction projects around the world These policies and position statements supplemented by the work and opinions of ASN s advisory committees on a number of technical topics contribute to the definition of the ASN doctrine Position of the ASN Commission The safety of new nuclear reactor Position of the ASN Commission The safety of new nuclear reactor construction projects worldwide has to be ensured Read more Position statement by the college in relation to the production of Position statement by the college in relation to the production of radioisotopes for medical use The risk of shortages of radioisotopes for medical use must not be allowed to compromise the safety of the reactors in which they are produced Read more Extension

    Original URL path: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/ASN/About-ASN/The-ASN-doctrine/The-ASN-position-statements (2016-01-29)
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  • The ASN guides translated into English Inspections ASN INSPECTION NEWS Stress tests news Flamanville EPR construction site news European stress tests Milestones for complementary safety assessments ASN resolutions ASN report Targeted inspections Operators reports french only European stress tests CSA Videos Supervision of the epr reactor Principles for the construction of EPR Resources Project concerning the installation of an EPR at Penly Section map ASN About ASN Activities monitored by ASN The ASN doctrine The ASN strategy The ASN commission The ASN organisation Contact us Technical support ASN s Scientific Committee The IRSN The Advisory Committees Approving organisations and laboratories ASN s other technical support organisations Professional events Radon national action plan workshop International Conference on Modern Radiotherapy 2 4 December 2009 IAEA ASN workshop 22 23 March 2007 Symposium international NuPEER Convention on Nuclear Safety Joint Convention on the safety of spent fuel management IAEA Safety Reviews and Appraisals in France OSART Mission conducted in France WENRA Reports Section map Section map International International reference texts Euratom Treaty IAEA safety standards International conventions Bilateral relations ASN s counterparts Personnel exchanges between ASN and its foreign counterparts Multilateral relations in Europe The European Union Clubs of Nuclear Safety and Radiation

    Original URL path: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/formulaire/contact (2016-01-29)
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  • Members of ASN’s Scientific Committee
    OSART Mission conducted in France WENRA Reports Section map Section map International International reference texts Euratom Treaty IAEA safety standards International conventions Bilateral relations ASN s counterparts Personnel exchanges between ASN and its foreign counterparts Multilateral relations in Europe The European Union Clubs of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection Authorities Other organisations Multilateral assistance plans Multilateral relations outside Europe International Atomic Energy Agency Nuclear Energy Agency of the OECD Other UN organisations Other associations of nuclear safety and radiation protection authorities International Commission on Radiological Protection Section map Home ASN Technical support ASN s Scientific Committee Members of ASN s Scientific Committee Print Mettre en favoris Share on ASN About ASN Technical support ASN s Scientific Committee Members of ASN s Scientific Committee The IRSN The Advisory Committees Approving organisations and laboratories ASN s other technical support organisations Professional events Contact us Members of ASN s Scientific Committee Mr Ashok THADANI Chairman Ashok Thadani is a former research director of the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission US NRC Read the CV Mr Bernard BOULLIS Nuclear Energy Division of CEA French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission Bernard Boullis is Director of the technologies programme for the fuel cycle and waste management at CEA He was formerly in charge of radiochemistry and coordinated the department specialised in the back end of the fuel cycle reprocessing spent fuel long lived radionuclides separation and transmutation and innovative technologies for future nuclear systems He teaches at the INSTN and at Montpellier University Mr Jean Claude LEHMANN Honorary Professor at Université Pierre et Marie Curie Paris 6 and Honorary President of the French Academy of Technologies Physicist researcher at the Kastler Brossel laboratory of the Ecole Normale Supérieure engineering school specialist in atomic and molecular physics then director of the mathematics and basic physics department of the CNRS Jean Claude Lehmann was Research Director with the Saint Gobain group from 1989 to 2005 He is a founding member of the Academy of Technologies which he presided over in 2003 and 2004 He is a member of the ANR French National Research Agency Steering Committee Read the CV Mme Christelle Roy Christelle Roy Head of the Hubert Curien multidisciplinary institute IPHC in Strasbourg Read the CV Mr Michel SCHWARZ Until 2011 Michel Schwarz was scientific director of the French Institute of Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety IRSN In the course of his career Michel Schwarz has held the positions of Test Director on the Cabri installation at CEA Cadarache Head of the IPSN laboratory that interprets the tests performed in the Phébus and Cabri reactors concerning the safety of fast neutron reactors and pressurised water reactors and Director of Major Accident Prevention within IRSN Read the CV Mr Patrick SMEESTERS Patrick Smeesters medical doctor and radiation protection specialist is a member of the group of experts provided for in Article 31 of the Euratom Treaty Expert within the Radiation group of the Higher Council for Health Belgium and Vice President of the Belgian Radiation Protection Association

    Original URL path: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/ASN/Technical-support/ASN-s-Scientific-Committee/Members-of-ASN-s-Scientific-Committee (2016-01-29)
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