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  • Contrôle review n° 177 - radioactive discharges in France
    between ASN and its foreign counterparts Multilateral relations in Europe The European Union Clubs of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection Authorities Other organisations Multilateral assistance plans Multilateral relations outside Europe International Atomic Energy Agency Nuclear Energy Agency of the OECD Other UN organisations Other associations of nuclear safety and radiation protection authorities International Commission on Radiological Protection Section map Home Information Publications Contrôle review Contrôle review n 177 radioactive discharges in France Print Mettre en favoris Share on Information News releases Publications ASN s annual reports Contrôle review Publications for the professionals Others ASN reports ASN s videos Back to list of publications Contrôle review n 177 radioactive discharges in France 15 07 2007 177 Foreword by Jean Christophe NIEL ASN s director general Radioactive discharges have decreased considerably in recent years Nevertheless because their effects small though they are extend beyond the boundaries of nuclear installation sites they deserve special attention in terms of control monitoring surveillance and information In this context it is important for ASN in an attempt to make continuous progress on safety to pursue the already significant reduction of the impact of these discharges on the environment undertaken over many years and to make the system for monitoring them clearer and more intelligible for citizens and stakeholders associations elected representatives etc Through the TSN act act on transparency and safety in the nuclear field which established ASN Parliament redefined the framework which will enable further progress to be made in the control of discharges from basic nuclear installations BNIs and in information and transparency for the public It also conferred upon ASN the task of organising continuous radiation protection surveillance throughout France The action of ASN is focused resolutely on the producer of radioactive effluents Responsible for the operation of its installation it is up to the producer to control and limit the resulting discharges and report on their impact on the population and the environment ASN hopes that the producer going beyond the necessary strict compliance with the regulatory limits sets annual discharge targets ASN considers in particular that the principles of using the best available techniques and of optimisation together with periodic review of their implementation are paths that must be explored in order to obtain further discharge reductions They also contribute to limiting the impact of thermal and chemical discharges from BNIs This approach must also be applied from the design stage of new installations and act as a basis for application to all uses of ionising radiation in the areas of medicine industry and research ASN is also ensuring that particular attention is paid to the receiving environments in particular river basins Val de Loire for example including the cumulative aspect of discharges from several installations simultaneously The other major concern of ASN in the area of radioactive discharges is to make the monitoring system better known clearer and thus worthy of confidence in order to provide information of better quality more intelligible and closer to the expectations of citizens and

    Original URL path: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/Information/Publications/Controle-review/Controle-review-n-177-radioactive-discharges-in-France (2016-01-29)
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  • Contrôle review n°175 - ASN report : Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection in France in 2006, abstracts
    for the construction of EPR Resources Project concerning the installation of an EPR at Penly Section map ASN About ASN Activities monitored by ASN The ASN doctrine The ASN strategy The ASN commission The ASN organisation Contact us Technical support ASN s Scientific Committee The IRSN The Advisory Committees Approving organisations and laboratories ASN s other technical support organisations Professional events Radon national action plan workshop International Conference on Modern Radiotherapy 2 4 December 2009 IAEA ASN workshop 22 23 March 2007 Symposium international NuPEER Convention on Nuclear Safety Joint Convention on the safety of spent fuel management IAEA Safety Reviews and Appraisals in France OSART Mission conducted in France WENRA Reports Section map Section map International International reference texts Euratom Treaty IAEA safety standards International conventions Bilateral relations ASN s counterparts Personnel exchanges between ASN and its foreign counterparts Multilateral relations in Europe The European Union Clubs of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection Authorities Other organisations Multilateral assistance plans Multilateral relations outside Europe International Atomic Energy Agency Nuclear Energy Agency of the OECD Other UN organisations Other associations of nuclear safety and radiation protection authorities International Commission on Radiological Protection Section map Home Information Publications Contrôle review Contrôle review

    Original URL path: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/Information/Publications/Controle-review/Controle-review-n-175-ASN-report-Nuclear-Safety-and-Radiation-Protection-in-France-in-2006-abstracts (2016-01-29)
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  • Contrôle review n°174 - Radioactive material transport safety
    plans Multilateral relations outside Europe International Atomic Energy Agency Nuclear Energy Agency of the OECD Other UN organisations Other associations of nuclear safety and radiation protection authorities International Commission on Radiological Protection Section map Home Information Publications Contrôle review Contrôle review n 174 Radioactive material transport safety Print Mettre en favoris Share on Information News releases Publications ASN s annual reports Contrôle review Publications for the professionals Others ASN reports ASN s videos Back to list of publications Contrôle review n 174 Radioactive material transport safety 15 02 2007 174 The ASN has been supervising radioactive material transports for 10 years now I therefore thought that this would be a good time to take stock of this sensitive subject in the current issue of Contrôle Since 12 June 1997 the ASN has been in charge of the regulations concerning the safety of these transports and of supervising their application Spent fuel transports have often been the focus of public and media attention The ASN considers that the problems linked to contamination from spent fuel transport have now been solved However the ASN is maintaining its high level of vigilance with regard to the transport conditions applicable to all radioactive materials The ASN has used these last 10 years to expand its role in the field of transport international regulations in which the ASN plays an active drafting role examination and issue of transport authorisations and permits which are opportunities for feedback to be fully taken into account by the operators supervision in normal and emergency situations through our inspections more than 500 inspections have been carried out over the past 10 years and through regular organisation of emergency exercises information of the public which has progressed by placing the results of our inspections on line the creation of an incident rating scale INES and regular participation by ASN personnel in local information committees in symposia in press conferences and so on These past 10 years have led to an improvement in the levels of transport safety a fact that was commended by the recent IAEA TRANSAS audit mission Today the need for improved supervision of all types of radioactive substance transports is felt even more keenly and the ASN s inspections of small scale nuclear activities are not unrelated to this conviction Indeed I firmly believe that bringing supervision of basic nuclear installations more into line with that of small scale nuclear activities will enable us to further boost the efficiency and effectiveness of our transport related activities However as clearly shown in this issue there are still some areas in which the ASN can make progress achieving better coordination between administrations continuing with greater international convergence in particular in the interpretation and application of texts that are now international working to ensure that these regulations are clear and comprehensible I am indeed sure that this is a precondition to them being correctly implemented improving supervision of movements by portable devices the increasing numbers of which require increasingly frequent shipments

    Original URL path: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/Information/Publications/Controle-review/Controle-review-n-174-Radioactive-material-transport-safety (2016-01-29)
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  • Contrôle review n°173 - Use of radioactive sources in industry and research
    reference texts Euratom Treaty IAEA safety standards International conventions Bilateral relations ASN s counterparts Personnel exchanges between ASN and its foreign counterparts Multilateral relations in Europe The European Union Clubs of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection Authorities Other organisations Multilateral assistance plans Multilateral relations outside Europe International Atomic Energy Agency Nuclear Energy Agency of the OECD Other UN organisations Other associations of nuclear safety and radiation protection authorities International Commission on Radiological Protection Section map Home Information Publications Contrôle review Contrôle review n 173 Use of radioactive sources in industry and research Print Mettre en favoris Share on Information News releases Publications ASN s annual reports Contrôle review Publications for the professionals Others ASN reports ASN s videos Back to list of publications Contrôle review n 173 Use of radioactive sources in industry and research 15 12 2006 173 Since it was discovered in 1896 radioactivity has been used in a large number of industrial and research applications in various places This large diversity necessitates clear comprehensive and applicable regulations and the definition of monitoring priorities matching the risks arising from the use of radioactive sources A decree amending the public health code is due to be published in the near future to supplement the regulatory framework of the use of radioactive sources in particular by completing the transposing of Euratom directive 2003 1221 and by taking into consideration feedback from experience acquired since 2002 On the basis of these regulations and the three principles of radiation protection justification optimisation and limitation that underlie them the ASN carries out its task of monitoring nuclear safety and radiation protection In 2004 the ASN established two new regional entities to provide better coverage of the whole of France With the appointment of some sixty radiation protection inspectors in September 2006 we are going to continue our monitoring work in the various installations and on sites in order to spread the culture of radiation protection among users and improve the application of the regulations In particular I want continued monitoring of source manufacturers and suppliers who have a major responsibility throughout the lifetime of radioactive sources from production to disposal and also of users of gammagraphs because of the higher risks associated with this application Several serious radiation protection incidents have occurred in other countries including with sources used in gamma radiography and have revealed inadequacies in the application of procedures for the use of radioactive sources That is why on two occasions I decided to issue reminders to French companies in the sector demanding that they comply with the regulatory provisions in force The use of ionising radiation in industry and research also raises the issues of movements of sources theft and loss of sources and their end of life disposal The ASN therefore attaches great importance to the existence of the source traceability system2 from manufacture through use to disposal I consider that progress is still necessary in order to improve radiation protection in industry and research Such progress is the

    Original URL path: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/Information/Publications/Controle-review/Controle-review-n-173-Use-of-radioactive-sources-in-industry-and-research (2016-01-29)
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  • Contrôle review n°172 - Improving patient radiation protection in medical practices
    order to estimate patients exposures 2 Supervision and evaluation of patient radiation protection in Belgium organisation challenges and perspectives for the future Based on the specificities of medical exposures on national statistics on the principles governing the organisation and the assessment of the radiological protection of patients in Belgium today as well as on their field experience the authors present a first analysis including challenges and perspectives for the future Their main conclusion is that an appropriate radiation protection system for the patients cannot be assured by the proper use of a well designed inspection system alone It requires collaborative efforts involvement of stakeholders from the medical field and creative initiatives from regulatory authorities 2 Notification of severe adverse events linked to health care an experience sharing tool helping to improve patient safety In the field of health care the occurrence of undesirable events is sometimes considered to be the unavoidable counterpart of its effectiveness and increasing complexity However the frequency severity and avoidable nature of a large proportion of these events led the legislator to require that health professionals declare any undesirable and severe events EIG related to health care in the 4 March 2002 law on patients rights and health system quality These measures are designed to prevent the recurrence and mitigate the effects of these EIG events whenever possible through the lessons learned and from analysis of the circumstances in which they occurred This measure is a part of a broader national policy asserting patients rights and developing health care quality and safety against the background of international support for patient safety improvement actions In practical terms the declaration system uses risk management methods based on experience sharing which have proven their effectiveness for many years in the civil aviation and industrial sectors Implementation of this system which requires prior experimentation by the French Health Monitoring Institute InVS constitutes an opportunity to bring the various supervision and monitoring systems closer together and to develop a patient safety culture 2 Severe radiotherapy accidents worldwide and their main lessons for the ASN In 2005 and 2006 two severe radiation therapy accidents were notified to the French Nuclear safety authority ASN Radiological accidents due to medical exposures are very rare worldwide in comparison with accidents involving radioactive source for industrial use However these accidents may potentially involve a high number of patients Therefore it is essential to learn lessons from the past accidents to prevent there occurrence This paper presents the circumstances of four severe accidents occurred worldwide during the last twenty years the lessons learned and how the ASN has taken them into account 2 Radiation protection and radiologists The French Radiological Society was involved in defining a strategy for implementing quality control of equipment and in drafting the medical indication and procedure guides required by Directive 97 43 Euratom To ensure that this Directive is successfully applied the new culture it enshrines must be disseminated among the prescribing physicians With regard to the traceability of practices and the doses received by the patients a system for providing detailed information has yet to be set up 2 The new duties of medical physicists persons specialised in medical radiophysics PSRPM in health structures The use of ionizing radiation in medicine is currently increasing with technical and technological improvements raising the needs for medical physics competencies The essential responsibility of the Qualified Medical Physicist s clinical practice is to assure the optimum use of radiation to produce a stated diagnostic or therapeutic outcome This responsibility includes protection of the patient and others from potentially harmful or excessive radiation establishment of adequate protocols to ensure accurate patient dosimetry the measurement and characterization of radiation the specification of dose delivered development and direction of quality assurance programs and assistance to the practitioner in optimizing the balance between the beneficial and deleterious effects of radiation It is obvious that these responsibilities imply to define at the hospital level an organization of the physics competencies adapted to the clinical practice and activities This organization must be operational and has to assure its missions in all the clinical departments using ionizing radiation This is the challenge that French medical physicist will have to face in the very next future 2 The role of radiopharmacist in radiation protection of the patient As all other professional using ionising radiations in medicine the radiopharmacist is obviously concerned about radiation protection of the patient He contributes to the application of the ALARA principle at different levels particularly pharmaceutical analysis of prescription radiopharmaceutical drugs patient dose and image quality optimization individual nominative dispensing preparation of radiopharmaceuticals according to Good Radiopharmacy Practice quality control of radiopharmaceutical preparations and equipments used advices for good use of radiopharmaceutical and information for patients 2 Patient release procedrues after iodine 131 treatment for thyroid cancer The recommendations to be given to the patient after nuclear medicine treatment with iodine 131 raises numerous questions if one is looking for a balance between a systematic approach resulting in unjustified constraints in certain patients and an overly diversified approach hard to implement as a routine practice After examining the literature and using simulations based on French data analysis of the situation shows that protection of the public does not justify particular recommendations except in a very limited number of cases With respect to those close to the patient the recommendations should concentrate on family environments with young children for dose rates higher than 10 µSv h 12 of patients treated and pregnant women for dose rates higher than 5 µSv h 30 of patients 2 Patient information during examinations involving ionising radiation Informing the patient is a medical duty even when there is no use of ionising radiation involved In particular in a diagnostic situation the problem is often to obtain clear information about the potential risks because one is dealing with small doses It is also hard to situate this risk among all the other inherent risks in particular those created by the disease itself without forgetting the

    Original URL path: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/Information/Publications/Controle-review/Controle-review-n-172-Improving-patient-radiation-protection-in-medical-practices (2016-01-29)
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  • Contrôle review n°171 - Protecting people during emergency
    during emergency 15 07 2006 171 With respect to high risk activities the authorities have a major responsibility to protect the citizen How do they perform this role in the event of an accident involving ionising radiation In 2000 issue no 132 of Contrôle focused on emergency situations It stressed the importance of emergency exercises in enhancing safety Concerning these exercises Contrôle underlined the need to avoid the pitfalls of routine leading to blind acceptance of the way in which nuclear emergencies are managed Since 2002 the responsibilities of the Nuclear Safety Authority ASN have been broadened to take in radiation protection As a result of the nuclear transparency and safety law of 13 June 2006 the ASN is about to become an independent administrative authority and will play a greater role in assisting the government in the event of a radiological emergency liable to jeopardise human health and the environment In 2005 France made a major effort to update its entire emergency management system Far from resting on their laurels the response organisations gradually adapted to deal not only with a nuclear emergency but more generally with any radiological emergency situation In this issue of Contrôle I therefore wished to take a look at the current organisation of radiological emergency management in France and give the various stakeholders concerned an opportunity to express themselves For more than 20 years the authorities and nuclear licensees have been developing a safety culture This approach is now gradually encompassing small scale nuclear facilities Learning lessons from experience feedback is a means of improving the response organisation the working methods and the facilities in order to minimise the risk of an accident occurring However it is also the duty of the licensees and authorities to plan for and organise the response they would have to implement in the case of an event liable to lead to a radiological emergency The Three Mile Island accident in 1979 and the Chernobyl disaster in 1986 both showed that a nuclear accident was not impossible that preparation has to be made for it and that it must be possible to react in order to minimise the consequences for the public and the environment As head of the ASN I consider that in France management of radiological emergency situations must be based on a robust policy on regularly tested emergency plans and on players who are well trained Our level of preparation therefore enabled us to deal with events which required activation of our emergency response organisation in particular during the severe storm of 1999 I also think that the preventive distribution of stable iodine tablets to the populations concerned is particularly appropriate and that the interest in emergency management organisation and the involvement by the prefects elected officials and nuclear licensee management at the highest level is both positive and necessary However progress is still required in two areas post accident situations and joint management of transboundary problems The Government gave the ASN the task of establishing

    Original URL path: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/Information/Publications/Controle-review/Controle-review-n-171-Protecting-people-during-emergency (2016-01-29)
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  • Contrôle review n°170 - International radiation protection : the national authorities of radiation protection (abstracts)
    WENRA Reports Section map Section map International International reference texts Euratom Treaty IAEA safety standards International conventions Bilateral relations ASN s counterparts Personnel exchanges between ASN and its foreign counterparts Multilateral relations in Europe The European Union Clubs of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection Authorities Other organisations Multilateral assistance plans Multilateral relations outside Europe International Atomic Energy Agency Nuclear Energy Agency of the OECD Other UN organisations Other associations of nuclear safety and radiation protection authorities International Commission on Radiological Protection Section map Home Information Publications Contrôle review Contrôle review n 170 International radiation protection the national authorities of radiation protection abstracts Print Mettre en favoris Share on Information News releases Publications ASN s annual reports Contrôle review Publications for the professionals Others ASN reports ASN s videos Back to list of publications Contrôle review n 170 International radiation protection the national authorities of radiation protection abstracts 15 05 2006 170 Since 2002 the Nuclear Safety Authority ASN has been in charge of the control of nuclear safety and radiation protection in France The extension of our responsibilities to the field of radiation protection led us to enlarge exchanges with our international counterparts and with the international organisations of radiation protection In October 2005 in the issue n 167 of Contrôle dedicated to the international actors in radiation protection ICRU UNSCEAR ICRP AIEA we observed an international relative consensus on the basic concepts of radiation protection although these organisations act quite often independently of each other But we also observed major differences in the implementation of the international recommendations in radiation protection In order to progress rigorously and objectively in the direction of a necessary harmonization of radiation protection at the international level I found it useful to give the floor to the Heads of the national authorities of radiation

    Original URL path: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/Information/Publications/Controle-review/Controle-review-n-170-International-radiation-protection-the-national-authorities-of-radiation-protection-abstracts (2016-01-29)
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  • Annual report : Nuclear safety and radiation protection in 2005
    Targeted inspections Operators reports french only European stress tests CSA Videos Supervision of the epr reactor Principles for the construction of EPR Resources Project concerning the installation of an EPR at Penly Section map ASN About ASN Activities monitored by ASN The ASN doctrine The ASN strategy The ASN commission The ASN organisation Contact us Technical support ASN s Scientific Committee The IRSN The Advisory Committees Approving organisations and laboratories ASN s other technical support organisations Professional events Radon national action plan workshop International Conference on Modern Radiotherapy 2 4 December 2009 IAEA ASN workshop 22 23 March 2007 Symposium international NuPEER Convention on Nuclear Safety Joint Convention on the safety of spent fuel management IAEA Safety Reviews and Appraisals in France OSART Mission conducted in France WENRA Reports Section map Section map International International reference texts Euratom Treaty IAEA safety standards International conventions Bilateral relations ASN s counterparts Personnel exchanges between ASN and its foreign counterparts Multilateral relations in Europe The European Union Clubs of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection Authorities Other organisations Multilateral assistance plans Multilateral relations outside Europe International Atomic Energy Agency Nuclear Energy Agency of the OECD Other UN organisations Other associations of nuclear safety and

    Original URL path: http://www.french-nuclear-safety.fr/Information/Publications/ASN-s-annual-reports/Annual-report-Nuclear-safety-and-radiation-protection-in-2005 (2016-01-29)
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