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  • Reforming France | Gouvernement.fr
    Send Infographic s text Back to infographics Unless otherwise indicated texts of this website are under Creative Commons licence Twitter Facebook Tumblr Flux rss Terms Conditions Contact french Version française SITE MAP NEWS Latest news Infographics Reforms agenda COP21 MISE Official Statements Press Office GOVERNMENT ACTION Top Documents Culture Defence Security Economy Foreign Affairs Society Sustainable Development ABOUT THE GOVERNMENT Composition Prime Minister Matignon How Government Works WELCOME TO FRANCE

    Original URL path: http://www.gouvernement.fr/en/reforming-france (2016-01-29)
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  • Paris Climate Conference - COP21: France's national commitments | Gouvernement.fr
    2 litres per 100 km development of clean vehicles electric cars biofuels etc A 12 emissions reduction in agriculture through the agroecology project anaerobic digestion ground cover maintenance of meadowland development of agro forestry optimisation of the use of inputs A 24 emissions reduction in industry energy efficiency the circular economy reuse recycling energy recovery renewable energies A 33 emissions reduction in the waste management sector reduction of food waste eco design the fight against planned obsolescence promotion of reuse and better waste recovery As a reminder for the period 2013 2020 and pending an agreement that replaces the Kyoto Protocol France has committed jointly with the other members of the European Union to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 20 compared to 1990 These French commitments have boosted momentum in the EU which presented its objectives for the COP21 at the end of 2014 While the EU will only reveal the details of national contributions after any agreement in Paris France s commitments lend credibility to Europe s contribution to the negotiations The 4 per 1000 initiative climate challenge and food security The 4 per 1000 initiative launched by the Government is based on a simple principle the more we increase organic matter in soils the more greenhouse gas is stored If each year we increase the organic matter content of soil by 4 g per 1 000 g of CO2 we could offset the entire greenhouse gas emissions of the planet in one year France has chosen to make this concept a unifying and multi partner facilitator at the international level bringing together agricultural players countries regional authorities companies professional organisations NGOs researchers etc to increase the carbon content of their soils each year Also remember In September 2015 France confirmed the elimination of export credits for all new coal fired power stations not fitted with a CO2 capture and storage system Several companies have already announced their withdrawal from investment in coal including Engie Société Générale and BNP Paribas On biodiversity France has set ambitious goals in order to protect the oceans and restore their role in the climate The target to protect 20 of its seas and oceans with protected marine areas by 2016 will be exceeded thanks to the recent creation of the Bassin d Arcachon and Mer des Pertuis marine parks the forthcoming creation of the Cap Corse natural marine park and the extension by 550 000 km² of the French Southern Territories national natural reserve European commitments With the adoption of the 2030 Climate Energy Framework in October 2014 the EU concluded an agreement that puts it at the forefront of the worldwide energy transition and enables it to contribute to the success of the Paris Conference Its targets are set out in three phases A short term commitment to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 40 by 2030 from 1990 levels A medium term objective to reduce emissions by 80 to 95 by 2050 from 1990 levels A long term objective zero

    Original URL path: http://www.gouvernement.fr/en/cop21-france-s-national-commitments (2016-01-29)
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  • Paris Climate Conference - Do you speak #COP21? | Gouvernement.fr
    meet the needs of current generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet theirs This policy may be relevant to the activities of a local authority or those of a company or social group 5 Biodiversity Biodiversity a contraction of biological and diversity represents the diversity of living beings and ecosystems fauna flora bacteria environments as well as genes and domestic varieties of plants and animals We humans belong to a species Homo sapiens which is one of the links in this biological diversity But biodiversity goes beyond the variety of life As a concept it includes interactions between the various aforementioned organisms and between these organisms and their environments Biodiversity is therefore a complex and rich concept 6 Green growth In August 2015 the Government adopted the Energy Transition for Green Growth Act Green growth means environmentally friendly economic growth that aims to correct existing damage to the environment through specific innovations or actions 7 Ecological footprint This indicator assesses the natural resources required to produce the things consumed by an individual a population or an activity and to deal with the corresponding waste and factors in the surface area required to produce these resources The Energy Transition for Green Growth Act aims to reduce household waste and similar products by 10 by 2020 to enable 55 of non hazardous waste to be recycled in 2020 and 65 in 2025 to reuse 70 of waste from construction and public works by 2020 and to reduce the amount of waste that goes to landfill by 50 by 2025 8 Precautionary principle You re probably familiar with the saying better safe than sorry This principle means applying this approach to the environment When damage is likely to affect the environment seriously and irreversibly even in the absence of a scientific consensus on the risks involved these risks must be assessed and provisional action must be considered in proportion to the likely damage The precautionary principle was introduced into French law by the Reinforcement of Environmental Protection Act of 2 February 1995 This is now a constitutional principle because the constitutional amendment of 1 March 2005 enshrined the Charter for the Environment which explicitly mentions this principle in the Constitution 9 Polluter pays This principle is self explanatory it means that the costs of preventing reducing or fighting pollution or any other environmental damage are payable by the party found responsible It was transposed into French law with the Act of 1 August 2008 which creates a new system for environmental liability based on the polluter pays principle 10 The circular economy This is a term applied to an economic and social model that uses modes of production consumption and exchange based on eco design a type of design which assesses in order to reduce its negative effects on the environment repair reuse and recycling and aims to reduce the resources used and the damage caused to the environment The circular economy is good news for employment In France the

    Original URL path: http://www.gouvernement.fr/en/do-you-speak-cop21 (2016-01-29)
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  • Paris Climate Conference - The #COP21 in 12 figures | Gouvernement.fr
    it means greatly limiting our greenhouse gas emissions and not using substantial fossil fuel resources Going beyond 2 degrees would mean major climatic disruption with large sea level rises and a great increase in the number of extreme weather events These changes have severe consequences for agricultural production and climatic displacement Find out more about the issues at stake at the COP 21 1992 This was the date of the signature of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC by the parties Signed in Rio de Janeiro this convention is an international treaty intended to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions that cause global warming 196 This is the number of participants 195 countries the European Union in the Conference of Parties the COP The supreme body of the UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change the COP is a supra national conference on climate change Each year the participants in this conference meet to decide the measures to implement to limit global warming 21 The 21st annual Conference of Parties is taking place in Paris in 2015 Since 1995 the COP has brought together the 196 parties each year in a different country to review the application of the Convention and to negotiate new commitments 12 This is the number of days that the COP 21 lasts it opened on 30 November and will conclude on 11 December The COP 21 is the largest international diplomatic conference ever organised In 2016 the COP 22 will take place in Morocco 20 France would like the final document not to exceed 20 pages Rather like the implementing orders for an act of legislation it will entail setting common rules aiming to reduce greenhouse gas emissions with each country making its own costed funded and dated contribution to fighting climate change explains Laurence Tubiana France s Special Representative for the COP 21 100 billion dollars this is the amount about 78 billion that the States international organisations and the private sector have committed to mobilising jointly per year from 2020 to help developing countries to fight climate change and adapt to it 14 000 representatives of 2 000 non governmental associations are present in the Le Bourget conference centre where there are 200 stands with another 120 in the Climate Generations areas 5 000 This is the number of people contributing to the organisation of the COP 21 200 young people training for vocational baccalaureates or diplomas in tourism are completing work experience courses with the partner companies that have organised the COP 21 particularly RATP the Paris public transport network the rail operator SNCF and ADP the Paris airports group 400 students from Paris 8 and Villetaneuse universities selected for their knowledge of one or more foreign languages are also helping to liaise with foreign delegations during the COP 21 2 800 This is the number of French police and gendarmes who are overseeing the security of the event at the COP 21 site at Le Bourget In the

    Original URL path: http://www.gouvernement.fr/en/the-cop21-in-12-figures (2016-01-29)
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  • Paris Climate Conference - COP21: solar, carbon, innovation… Six initiatives that are changing things | Gouvernement.fr
    initiative and announced similar commitments Germany Saudi Arabia Australia Brazil Canada Chile China South Korea Denmark the United Arab Emirates India Indonesia Japan Mexico Norway the United Kingdom and Sweden Carbon pricing Alongside the COP21 the President of France also launched a coalition of leaders for carbon pricing with several Heads of State the World Bank the IMF local authorities and business leaders from around the world Members of the coalition adopted a common action plan to advance carbon pricing by committing to share successful public policy lessons engage companies and promote dialogue to increase use of the carbon price Carbon pricing is an essential tool in enabling economic stakeholders to make firm commitments to the transition to a low carbon economy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions as effectively as possible The aim is not to set a single price it must instead be to promote a gradual extension of the range of worldwide emissions covered by carbon pricing Existing mechanisms EU ETS carbon tax in India US Clean Power plan etc and forthcoming initiatives ETS market in China etc are or will be in place in countries accounting for 89 of G20 GDP or 75 of the global economy by 2018 Therefore the majority of the most carbon intensive sectors are or shortly will be covered by a carbon price in most of the world s major economies While the carbon price is too low everywhere it is now no longer an exception but becoming the rule This coalition will promote and accelerate the adoption of carbon pricing so that today s investments create the conditions for more sustainable growth for a long time to come Tuesday 1 December Climate challenge summit and African solutions The President of the Republic chaired the Climate challenge African solutions summit with the Secretary General of the United Nations It brought together twelve African Heads of State the President of the African Union Commission and representatives of several governments and international institutions World Bank African Development Bank François Hollande stated his ambition that the COP21 should help bring practical projects to fruition in Africa encourage the adoption of a more carbon friendly development model and support adaptation to the climate change observed on the continent He agreed to increase France s funding of renewable energy in Africa to more than 2 billion for the period 2016 2020 This amounts to a 50 increase in French bilateral commitments compared to the last 5 years Projects funded by France can be undertaken as part of the African Renewable Energy Initiative launched by the African Union For the fight against desertification and adapting to climate change France will gradually triple its bilateral commitments in Africa This meets the request from African countries that funding for sustainable development now be directed more at adapting to climate change France s development aid will mainly target projects in the African Great Green Wall initiative or preservation of Lake Chad and the Niger River 4 per 1000 initiative The 4

    Original URL path: http://www.gouvernement.fr/en/cop21-solar-carbon-innovation-six-initiatives-that-are-changing-things (2016-01-29)
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  • Adoption of the French national low-carbon strategy for climate | Gouvernement.fr
    and the close involvement of the National Council for Ecological Transition CNTE The SNBC comprises a series of overarching and sector specific recommendations that outline the pathway to a low carbon economy that will improve well being growth and employment It sets a target for reducing the national carbon footprint which remained stable between 1990 and 2012 owing to an increase in emissions linked to imports It is important that we work together to ensure that we are not simply outsourcing our emissions but actually reducing them It will help raise both public and private funding for the energy transition An energy transition for climate label will help identify investment funds that are funding the green economy promote the creation of new green funds and encourage businesses to highlight the green aspects of their operations In the transport sector the SNBC aims to achieve a 29 reduction in emissions over the 2015 2028 period notably by improving the energy efficiency of vehicles consuming 2 litres per 100km and developing clean vehicles electric cars biofuels etc In construction the SNBC aims to achieve an emissions reduction of nearly 54 including by rolling out ultra low energy and energy plus buildings accelerating energy renovation work implementing the concept of eco design and using smart meters to manage consumption In agriculture the SNBC aims to achieve a 12 reduction in emissions through the implementation of the agroecology project This will involve methanisation ground cover maintaining pastureland developing the agroforestry sector and optimising the use of inputs In the industrial sector the SNBC aims to achieve a 24 emissions reduction notably by improving energy efficiency which is also a source of competitiveness growing the circular economy reuse recycling energy recovery etc and replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy sources In the waste management sector

    Original URL path: http://www.gouvernement.fr/en/adoption-of-the-national-low-carbon-strategy-for-climate (2016-01-29)
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  • Security measures in France with a view to EURO 2016 | Gouvernement.fr
    of the Interior Patrick Kanner Minister of Urban Affairs Youth and Sport and Thierry Braillard Minister of State for Sport to ensure maximum security with a view to EURO 2016 inside the stadiums and in the surrounding areas in particular as well as in the fan zones A great deal has already been done in the last two years in close collaboration between all parties involved in organising the event to make the stadiums and fan zones secure Progressive proactive measures had already been planned to cope with a potential increase in the terrorist threat Given the current situation however additional measures are required They have been decided upon by common agreement between all EURO 2016 partners Three important decisions have been made To learn all the lessons from the incidents at the Stade de France in order to improve security in the stadiums this will mean video surveillance in particular with the support of the State which may help to finance this measure from the increased Interministerial Crime Prevention Fund Fonds interministériel de prévention de la délinquance To do everything possible in order to continue to organise fan zones in the ten host cities subject to their strict compliance with the Government s requirements which will also include access controls and video surveillance Otherwise the fan zones will not be able to open to the public To strictly supervise gatherings and giant screens outside of fan zones in the host cities and throughout France They will only be possible in closed venues stadiums gymnasiums etc and subject to their compliance with the security requirements to be established in the coming weeks in liaison with elected representatives and the organisers Major international sporting events the art of the sports meet Unless otherwise indicated texts of this website are under Creative

    Original URL path: http://www.gouvernement.fr/en/security-measures-with-a-view-to-euro-2016 (2016-01-29)
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  • All hands on deck for Paris’s bid to host the 2024 Olympic and Paralympic Games! | Gouvernement.fr
    the best France has to offer Paris 2024 will be a great opportunity for France to come together Wanting to host the Games means wanting to share a major event and doing so together the President of the Republic explained Patrick Kanner stated that in order to win this bid must be presented as a project involving all French citizens and based on sporting values The State will therefore do its utmost to support the bid which will be exemplary in environmental economic and civic terms The President of the Republic assured Bernard Lapasset Chairman of the Olympic Bid Committee and the sports community of his full support France is ready to prove itself According to Patrick Kanner France has developed indisputable expertise in organising major sporting competitions This bid is the culmination of measures taken to professionalise and increase accountability within the sports community It has enabled the partners involved to address the appropriate issues before committing The consultation process which is ongoing regarding project construction will help to enrich this France s bid will be bolstered by its ability to host high profile competitions EuroBasket 2015 the 2016 European Football Championship the 2017 World Handball Championship and the 2018 Ryder Cup France has a unique approach to major sporting events giving consideration to more than just sport They are designed to be major public celebrations with economic benefits for all regions The government is aware of the value of public funds in these times of crisis and is therefore promoting a sense of inventiveness and the use of existing assets Thierry Braillard stresses that the bid will be a fantastic catalyst for public sports policies right across the country The Prime Minister is also calling on all French citizens to back the bid Together let s make Paris

    Original URL path: http://www.gouvernement.fr/en/all-hands-on-deck-for-paris-s-bid-to-host-the-2024-olympic-and-paralympic-games (2016-01-29)
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