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  • France's European project | Gouvernement.fr
    housing university catering facilities etc Furthermore Europe needs to be on the front line with regards to energy transition in order to instil a renewed sense of hope Greater consideration needs to be given to the fight against global warming within development models and Europe must also speak as one voice at the Paris Climate Conference 2015 this being one of the conditions to reaching an ambitious global agreement This is a unifying project a driver for growth including industrial growth and a matter of concern for the planet 2 A Europe that offers protection European citizens also need a Europe that protects them Faced with the proliferation of risks and threats and given the profoundly different geostrategic context European Union countries must pull together for the purpose of the following Effectively fighting terrorism the priority is to implement the roadmap produced by the informal European Council of 12 February including the creation of an airline passenger data register to help better identify potential terrorists the targeted Schengen reform imposing compulsory systematic checks at external borders greater resources for fighting arms trafficking and the funding of terrorism and the various efforts undertaken on the part of Internet operators Continuing to create a European defence the coordination between internal security and external security has been proven indeed through its intervention in the Sahel region France is also fighting the development of terrorism within the Union thus serving all Europeans However France cannot act alone and neither does it want to The objectives of the European Council in June are clear to obtain the necessary means to deal with the issues and threats which Europeans have to face including European military capacities and drones in particular consolidating the European defence industry reinforcing its ability to initially intervene in crisis areas and obtaining the appropriate instruments funding and equipment to be able to support Europe s notably African allies and partners in a credible manner Introducing an ambitious migration policy while the number of migrants in the Mediterranean continues to grow the Union needs to provide a concrete solution and develop a real European migration policy based on the following three priority courses of action 1 dealing with the root causes of migration 2 ensuring that external borders are effectively monitored by considering the possibility of developing the FRONTEX agency into a European border control system 3 increasing solidarity between Member States by enabling the most heavily affected countries to fulfil their obligations where external borders are concerned and by more effectively distributing refugees between all Member States 3 A Europe that upholds its values and interests Europe is also and even first and foremost a community built on values Indeed its values are one of the strengths that enable Europe to promote its own interests in all of the fights it faces With this in mind it is important to prioritise the following Promoting the cultural and creative industries which account for 4 of the gross domestic product protecting copyright introducing an

    Original URL path: http://www.gouvernement.fr/en/france-s-european-project (2016-01-29)
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  • Support for the French tourism sector after the attacks | Gouvernement.fr
    Minister Manuel Valls Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius and Minister for Foreign Trade Matthias Fekl met without delay on 23 November with representatives of the tourism industry in Paris and the Île de France region as well as representatives of travel agencies tour operators hoteliers and restaurateurs and carriers including Air France the rail operator SNCF and ADP Paris Airports This meeting provided an opportunity to discuss the immediate impacts of the events on the key international markets with tourism professionals Short term actions were also discussed particularly in terms of communication to foreign tourists through the diplomatic network and the tourism operator Atout France The postponed and cancelled bookings recorded last week show that communication on the subject must be clear in order to avoid creating unnecessary alarm Nevertheless Christmas and February bookings remain positive In order to overcome the difficulties faced by the sector the Prime Minister has proposed financial support measures for hotel owners in cooperation with Bpifrance the public investment bank European interior ministers adopt the key measures requested by France The Justice and Home Affairs Council of the European Union has adopted the key measures regarding the passenger name record PNR Read more 20 November 2015

    Original URL path: http://www.gouvernement.fr/en/support-for-the-tourism-sector-after-the-attacks (2016-01-29)
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  • Internet giants rally in the fight against Daesh | Gouvernement.fr
    counter discourse strategy for fighting the online activities of Daesh and maintaining the emergency systems in place in order to reach an even greater proportion of the population in the event of a further attack The Prime Minister began by thanking them The players concerned put in place various tools to enable millions of inhabitants of Paris and Île de France and tourists alike to receive alerts and safety advice and to reassure friends and family when the terrorist attacks of 13 November took place Mass spontaneous efforts on the part of the people also manifested themselves on social networks notably in the form of operations PorteOuverte and RechercheParis An interim report on cooperation between government departments and the players present was then outlined All participants highlighted a distinct improvement in procedures which have proven particularly efficient in the event of an emergency It was pointed out for example that all requests submitted by the French authorities for content withdrawal since 13 November had been dealt with in under 90 minutes A number of avenues for further improving this cooperation were explored since the fight against terrorism and radicalisation is one that will require us to continuously adapt It was also decided that a series of joint initiatives would be implemented over the next two months with the notable aim of achieving the following Maintaining and supplementing the emergency systems put in place on 13 November in order to reach an even greater proportion of the population in the event of a further attack Outlining and implementing an offensive counter discourse strategy that specifically targets the online activities of Daesh Supporting digital developers and business experts in creating tools that will facilitate the involvement of civil society in the fight against terrorist propaganda The participants agreed to review the progress

    Original URL path: http://www.gouvernement.fr/en/internet-giants-rally-in-the-fight-against-daesh (2016-01-29)
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  • Former Prime Ministers of the Fifth Republic | Gouvernement.fr
    Jacques Chirac Alain Juppé 1995 1997 President of the Republic Jacques Chirac Edouard Balladur 1993 1995 President of the Republic François Mitterrand Pierre Bérégovoy 1992 1993 President of the Republic François Mitterrand Edith Cresson 1991 1992 President of the Republic François Mitterrand Michel Rocard 1988 1991 President of the Republic François Mitterrand Jacques Chirac 1986 1988 President of the Republic François Mitterrand Laurent Fabius 1984 1986 President of the Republic François Mitterrand Pierre Mauroy 1981 1984 President of the Republic François Mitterrand Raymond Barre 1976 1981 President of the Republic Valéry Giscard d Estaing Jacques Chirac 1974 1976 President of the Republic Valéry Giscard d Estaing Pierre Messmer 1972 1974 President of the Republic Georges Pompidou Jacques Chaban Delmas 1969 1972 President of the Republic Georges Pompidou Maurice Couve de Murville 1968 1969 President of the Republic Charles de Gaulle Georges Pompidou 1962 1968 President of the Republic Charles de Gaulle Michel Debré 1959 1962 President of the Republic Charles de Gaulle The Hôtel de Matignon The Prime Minister is based at the Hôtel de Matignon in Paris Read more 9 July 2014 Unless otherwise indicated texts of this website are under Creative Commons licence Twitter Facebook Tumblr Flux rss

    Original URL path: http://www.gouvernement.fr/en/former-prime-ministers-of-the-fifth-republic (2016-01-29)
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  • Other key bodies | Gouvernement.fr
    called a reading Council of State The Conseil d État Council of State advises the Government on the preparation of bills ordinances and certain decrees It also answers the Government s queries on legal affairs and conducts studies upon the request of the Government or through its own initiative regarding administrative or public policy issues The Conseil d État is the highest administrative jurisdiction it is the final arbiter of cases relating to executive power local authorities independent public authorities public administration agencies or any other agency invested with public authority In discharging the dual functions of judging as well as advising the Government the Conseil d État ensures that the French administration operates in compliance with the law It is therefore one of the principal guarantees of the rule of law in the country The Conseil d État is also responsible for the day to day management of the administrative tribunals and courts of appeal Every year 130 bills 800 decrees and 300 non statutory texts are examined by the Conseil d État Constitutional Council The Constitutional Council was established by the by the Constitution of the Fifth Republic adopted on 4 October 1958 It is a court vested with various powers including in particular the review of the constitutionality of legislation The Constitutional Council is not a supreme court that is hierarchically superior to the Conseil d État or the Cour de Cassation Court of Accounts The Court of Accounts is the body responsible for monitoring the legality of public accounts and checking the correct use of public funds In accordance with article 47 2 of the Constitution the Court of Accounts shall assist Parliament in monitoring Government action it shall assist Parliament and the Government in monitoring the implementation of Finance Acts and Social Security Financing Acts

    Original URL path: http://www.gouvernement.fr/en/other-key-bodies (2016-01-29)
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  • Marianne and the motto of the Republic | Gouvernement.fr
    the figure are two children leading a lion and a sheep yoked together In 1792 the young Republic chose to be embodied in the features of Marianne the motherland Marianne often appears wearing a helmet and bearing arms like Athena of Greece The Republic is warlike and protective she will fight for her values first among which is Liberty as at Valmy where she asserted her universal calling in the face of the reactionary monarchists A decree of 1792 stipulated that the state seal was to be changed and should henceforth bear the figure of France in the guise of a woman dressed after the fashion of Antiquity standing upright her right hand holding a pikestaff surmounted by a Phrygian bonnet or Liberty bonnet and her left hand resting on a bundle of arms at her feet a tiller Marianne has recovered her former attributes in particular the lion and the throne but in addition to the sword or the bundle of arms she now holds the blue white and red French flag At her feet the code of law and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen are displayed At the same period her enemies caricatured the Republic and gave it the popular name of Marie Anne saying if the Republic wanted to look after the common people it should bear their name A weakened Marianne Empire and Restoration After 1799 the fall of the Republic and the institution of the Empire saw Marianne s representative value weakened even though the theme of Liberty continued to thrive Many artists perpetuated it in their work one of the best known of these was Eugène Delacroix in his Liberté Guidant le Peuple aux Barricades painted in 1830 The name Marianne reappears briefly with the Second Republic but often in a pejorative sense Partisans of the social republic the reds adopted the name for their own cause In 1848 a contest was organized to define a figure that would represent the new Republic one which would once again extol the values defended by the Revolution When Napoleon III proclaimed the Empire in 1852 he replaced the figure of Marianne that was displayed on the coins and postage stamps with his own effigy But the emerging opposition groups desirous of reestablishing the Republic rallied around the figure of Marianne Marianne returns the Paris Commune and the Third Republic With the institution of the new Republic the Paris Commune encouraged the cult of the bare breasted freedom fighter coifed with the red Phrygian bonnet of the sans culotte Paris never called her Marianne however this was the name given her outside the Capital Every town and village had its statue or bell bearing the name that recalled the great revolutionary moments 1789 1830 1848 In 1871 after the fall of the Commune the founders of the Third Republic sought a means of reviving the symbols of the Republic without at the same time encouraging revolutionary movements They therefore shunned the Phrygian

    Original URL path: http://www.gouvernement.fr/en/marianne-and-the-motto-of-the-republic (2016-01-29)
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  • Bastille Day: 14 July The National Holiday | Gouvernement.fr
    Republic that it has such great significance The people storm the Bastille On 5 May 1789 the King convened the Estates General to hear their complaints but the assembly of the Third Estate representing the citizens of the town soon broke away and formed the Constituent National Assembly On 20 June 1789 the deputies of the Third Estate took the oath of the Jeu de Paume to not separate until the Constitution had been established The Deputies opposition was echoed by public opinion The people of Paris rose up and decided to march on the Bastille a state prison that symbolized the absolutism and arbitrariness of the Ancien Regime The Nation marches towards the Republic The storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789 immediately became a symbol of historical dimension it was proof that power no longer resided in the King or in God but in the people in accordance with the theories developed by the Philosophes of the eighteenth century On 16 July the King recognized the tricolor cockade the Revolution had succeeded The storming of the Bastille symbolizes for all citizens of France liberty democracy and the struggle against all forms of oppression Symbols of the French

    Original URL path: http://www.gouvernement.fr/en/bastille-day-14-july-the-national-holiday (2016-01-29)
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  • The Marseillaise | Gouvernement.fr
    Free French Government once more gave it pride of place alongside Le Chant des Partisans customarily sung as the anthem At last the Marseillaise was made the official national anthem by the constitutions of the Fourth and Fifth Republics Article 2 of the Constitution of 4 October 1958 In 1974 President Valéry Giscard d Estaing had it modified in accordance with earlier scores and slowed the tempo Since 1981 however the anthem has once again been performed according to the scores and tempo in use until 1974 In honor of the 200th anniversary of the French Revolution Jessye Norman was invited to sing La Marseillaise The Marseillaise 1 Allons enfants de la Patrie Le jour de gloire est arrivé Contre nous de la tyrannie L étendard sanglant est levé bis Entendez vous dans les campagnes Mugir ces féroces soldats Ils viennent jusque dans nos bras Egorger nos fils et nos compagnes Refrain Aux armes citoyens Formez vos bataillons Marchons Marchons Qu un sang impur Abreuve nos sillons 2 Que veut cette horde d esclaves De traîtres de rois conjurés Pour qui ces ignobles entraves Ces fers dès longtemps préparés bis Français pour nous ah quel outrage Quels transports il doit exciter C est nous qu on ose méditer De rendre à l antique esclavage 3 Quoi ces cohortes étrangères Feraient la loi dans nos foyers Quoi ces phalanges mercenaires Terrasseraient nos fiers guerriers bis Grand Dieu par des mains enchaînées Nos fronts sous le joug se ploieraient De vils despotes deviendraient Les maîtres de nos destinées 4 Tremblez tyrans et vous perfides L opprobre de tous les partis Tremblez vos projets parricides Vont enfin recevoir leurs prix bis Tout est soldat pour vous combattre S ils tombent nos jeunes héros La terre en produit de nouveaux Contre vous tout prêts

    Original URL path: http://www.gouvernement.fr/en/the-marseillaise (2016-01-29)
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